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How To Renovate a Victorian House

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London has a mixture of different houses from different eras, over the past few weeks we have looked at How to Renovate a Tudor House and How to Renovate a Georgian House today we are going to look at How to Renovate a Victorian House.

One of the most popular houses we see today in London is a Victorian House

Some of the topics we will cover in this article as well as how to renovate a Victorian House are as follows

  • What Age is a Victorian House?
  • What Does a Victorian House Look Like?
  • How to Restore a Victorian House
  • How to Modernise a Victorian House
  • How to Decorate a Victorian House

What Age is a Victorian House?

The period of 1837-1901 is what is known as the Victorian era. Why? Queen Victoria I reigned through this period when she was 18 until she died 68 years later.

The railways opened and new manufacturing processing local produced building materials could be transported across the UK, allowing for houses to be built with different materials.

Many new houses were constructed in the Victorian Era as the industrial towns had work and lots of people were moving in, so to save space terraced houses were built.

There was still a wide divide between the rich and the poor. The poor were in the very small and narrow terraced houses, the middle class had superior terraces often with front and back gardens. The servants normally stayed in the attic. The rich went for what is known as Villas.

What Does a Victorian House Look Like?

There were still very few cars in the Victorian Era so you will not find original garages and driveways on a Victorian House.

The Victorians did not have central heating and so most rooms would have a fire to keep the place warm, therefore you will normally find a chimney on the roof of a Victorian House.

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Roof

The roof of a Victorian house is normally very distinctive. Victorian roofs were mostly made from slate. The roofs were often decorated with carvings and ornate features to really make them stand out.

You will often see a high, pitched roof on a Victorian house

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-victorian house

Brickwork

With the railway allowing people to import bricks across the country, patterned bricks were introduced.

You will often see Victorian houses with fancy brickwork and patterned with the coloured bricks.

 

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-Victorian-Brickwork

Windows

Many people would have sash windows in the Victorian era.

With the introduction of plate glass, the window panes could be much larger than the Georgian period. 6 and 4 pane sliding sash windows were introduced.

Bay windows were also very popular in the Victorian period. The ground floor bay windows would often have a roof.

You will also find a lot of decorative stained-glass windows in the Victorian era

Doors

The front door in Victorian times was an important feature. We mentioned earlier that wealth and status were very important in Victorian times, so the front door said a lot about their wealth position.

Doors were often panelled and with elegant carvings with a door frame surround. Sometimes they would have stained glass and often the door furniture would be made of brass.

Many of the doors would have fan lights like the Georgian era.

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-Victorian-Door-1

Porches

Many Victorian houses would have a porch

Railings

You will often find black cast iron railings on Victorian properties and sometimes with gates.

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-Victorian Railings-entrance to victorian townhouse

How to Restore a Victorian House

If you have an original Victorian house that needs restorations the first thing you need to do is see if it falls under conservation. These properties are protected, and your local authority will need to approve any repairs or modifications.

Try and restore the original features if you need to have a refurbishment and do your research to match existing. Repair instead of renewing where possible as some items can be difficult to source.

Have a building survey done with someone who knows what they are talking about. There are lots of decades in the Victorian era alone so even one Victorian House to the next will differ and you do not want to confuse something with the Georgia or Edwardian eras.

Bear in mind when Victorian houses were built so things will not be aligned with straight lines. Embrace this as part of the character.

How to Decorate a Victorian House

Traditional Victorian interiors were dark and ornate. Dark rich tones like navy, plum and dark greens were used.

Ornate cornices were big in the Victorian era so pay attention to these if you are restoring or bear them in mind if you are refurbishing or creating the Victorian look. Your bog-standard plasterer will not be able to recreate this so hire a specialist this will really stand out in a room.

Flooring should be hard wood in a Victorian House, again if you can restore the original try and do that but if not then don’t go for a carpet go for wood.

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-Victorian-Interior

A bare room in the Victorian era was considered poor taste so each surface would be filled with ornaments.

Hallways were often decorated grey and simple so as to not compete with the other rooms.

Often the walls or woodwork were marbleised.

There was a lot of influence from the gothic style

How to Modernise a Victorian House

In the 70’s and 80’s in many homes some of the beautiful period features were ripped out and

Replaced with plywood and cheaper materials in a bid to modernise the properties. Today people are starting to respect the period features again, but still want to add some modernisation.

Perhaps you want to keep the original features like windows and roof etc, but you also want to modernise your Victorian house if the gothic style is not your thing. What works well to modernise a Victorian house without completely losing its character?

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-blog-light-victorian-interior

If you want to make the most of the Natural light coming into a Victorian House, then use white or light neutral colours. Whilst this is certainly modernising it looks great on Victorian Houses.

Have long curtains to highlight the windows and perhaps wooden shutters.

For bathrooms and kitchens (even hallways) tiles are very popular in Victorian houses go for a geometric pattern.

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-victorian-blog-bathroom

Jeffery-and-Wilkes-victorian-blog-kitchen

As Victorian houses usually have high ceilings you can be very bold with your lighting and make a statement to ensure they stand out.

If you are adding a house extension, you do not want it to look like a bolted on extra so go one way or the other. Either make sure your builders blend the extension in so it looks like it could have been with the original property at a glance or go the other way and make a bold statement with a striking contrast extension so it’s clear this is a modern extension on a period house.

You can consider exposing the original bricks walls or just one wall in a room and make this a feature wall that will really stand out and add the rustic look.

There is a lot of modern furniture that is available in the Victorian style, that way you will have a fresh modern look, but your property will still be within the style

Conclusion

There were many houses built within the Victorian era with beautiful period features. Renovating a Victorian property needs to be properly researched and planned to get it right but the benefits with good results are well worth it.


The post How To Renovate a Victorian House appeared first on Jeffery and Wilkes.

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Protocol undermines Northern Ireland’s right to self-government

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While there has been some appreciation of the difficulties caused by the Protocol that the EU has seen fit to impose upon Northern Ireland as part of Brexit, the extent of the difficulties has been, and continues to be, massively under-estimated. One clear example of this tendency is provided by the Sub Committee on the Protocol of the Lords European Affairs Committee. While it is encouraging that the Committee has acknowledged the existence of a democratic problem related to the Protocol that is worthy of consideration, the way in which the Committee has characterised the difficulty as a “democratic deficit” is deeply problematic.

When discussing EU-related challenges, the term “democratic deficit” has a well-established meaning that relates to a difficulty of a wholly different order to that impacting Northern Ireland as a result of the Protocol. It pertains to member states and their electorates (not jurisdictions like the UK, and therein Northern Ireland, that are not part of the EU) and arises from the fact that a large number of EU decisions are made at a supranational level in respect of which it is difficult for national parliaments to secure accountability and yet in relation to which the powers of the European Parliament are either too weak or too inaccessible to voters who instinctively seek accountability on the more immediate national rather than distant supranational basis.

Crucially, however, whilst the democratic deficit is frustrating, it by no means leaves the peoples of the EU without democratic rights. There is a European Parliament representing the people of the EU in and through which they can and do, to some degree, seek to call European governance to account and people can, of course, seek to hold the EU to account through their national governments, which are fully represented in the EU institutions.

By contrast the nature and extent of the democratic problems resulting from the EU Protocol on Northern Ireland are of a wholly different order. Instead of presenting us with a challenge that weakens democratic accountability, creating a shortfall that needs to be made up, the Protocol completely removes representative democracy from Northern Ireland with respect to some 300 areas of law making. The two scenarios – democratic difficulties resulting from membership of the EU and democratic problems resulting from the NI Protocol – are thus like chalk and cheese. The latter requires an entirely different characterisation the former.

The best available framework for coming to terms with the consequences of the Protocol on Northern Ireland is the United Nations category: a “Non Self Governing Territory” (NSGT). The UN definition of an NSGT (a colony) is a jurisdiction any of whose laws or government are made/discharged on its behalf by an external power of which it is not a part and in which it has no representation. This describes the situation facing Northern Ireland today.

Some might object here, pointing out that while in some 300 areas laws are made for Northern Ireland by an external power of which it is not a part, and in relation to which it has no representation, that in all other respects Northern Ireland is self-governing, as part of the United Kingdom. Crucially, however, the UN definition does not require all aspects of government to be made by the external power in order for a jurisdiction to be classed as an NSGT. Indeed, if one looks at the small numbers of colonies that remain in the world today, they tend to have their own legislatures and governments and are deemed by the UN to be colonies because in certain areas they are still governed by an external power in which they are not represented.

This is all rather awkward for champions of the Protocol because the international community has made it very plain, through the UN, that it does not think people should live in states that are governed to any extent by external powers of which they are not a part and in which they have no representation. As a reflection of this, the UN has a standing Committee on Decolonisation (to promote decolonisation), has deemed this the Fourth International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2021 – 2030) and sets aside each year a UN Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories, the 2022 expression of which runs from today 25 May until 31 May.

The Protocol, though, is not just unthinkable because it involves taking a jurisdiction that has enjoyed self-government for over two hundred years and forcing upon it NSGT status. It is also unthinkable because it directly contradicts the Good Friday Agreement which commits to upholding civil rights including “the right to pursue democratically national and political aspirations.”

Since the application of the Protocol, the people of Northern Ireland have been unable to pursue national or political objectives democratically, through the ballot box, as they relate to changes in some 300 areas of law because they can neither stand for elected office to become the elected legislator to make those laws, nor can they vote for a candidate to become an elected legislator making those laws. Given Northern Ireland’s history in which some people have sadly turned from the ballot box to violence, it is extraordinary that anyone should deem it appropriate to curtail the impact of our votes, removing some aspects of our lives beyond the reach of our democratic politics.

I welcome the fact that at long last the British government has said it is prepared to do something about the Protocol. At minimum, these changes must end the practice of laws being made for Northern Ireland by a government and legislature of which it is not a part and in which it has no representation. To depart from this would deal a fatal blow to the Good Friday Agreement.

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How the UK can stop Chinese firms profiting from pain

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This week I’ll speak at a cross-party event in Parliament calling on the UK government to act against Chinese companies complicit in the genocide of my people, the Uyghurs. Last month, the Health Secretary announced that Chinese surveillance firm, Hikvision, is banned from competing for new business with the Department of Health and Social Care. This was a welcome decision, and I thanked the Minister at the time for standing firmly with my people. However, more needs to be done to codify a consistent response. Our leaders need to ensure all firms implicated in the horrible and ongoing violations in the Uyghur region are held accountable. We need to ensure there are no holes in our system that can be exploited.

The plight of my fellow Uyghurs still in our homeland is desperate. Conservative estimates place the number of Uyghurs in extrajudicial detention at around one million – but we believe the real figure to be much higher, at over 2 million. The Chinese state and its partners have carried out forced sterilization, “re-education”, and have taken control over, defiled and destroyed my community’s places of worship. This persecution is fuelled by surveillance, and we need to exhibit a comprehensive understanding of the methods that have been used by the Chinese government to turn my homeland into a high-tech open-air prison.  

Hikvision, which is also sanctioned by the United States, contributes to the most recognised form of surveillance in the region. The company manufactures security cameras that use facial recognition to monitor the movement of people throughout the region, including in the so-called “re-education camps” that house Uyghurs against their will. However, there are other, equally troubling forms of surveillance which require a more calibrated response. The leading example is the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), which has been linked to the forced collection of Uyghurs’ genetic data.

The COVID-19 pandemic exposed the need for a robust global genomics industry able to track and identify new variants, helping governments prepare and protect accordingly, and yet very little is known about the more insidious aspects of this emerging technology. The Chinese government’s approach to genomics is telling: a 2015 review of its national security strategy highlighted genomics as a national security issue. Considering this was followed by a 2019 law requiring that all Chinese firms cooperate with the state on national security issues, the existence of a large Chinese genomics company with a global footprint is cause for concern.

This brings me back to BGI, which is today one of the largest genomics firms in the world. There is a lot we do not know about BGI’s activities due to a pervasive lack of transparency, but we do know that it has contributed to Chinese state efforts to document the genetic material of Uyghurs and other non-Han ethnic groups and established a ‘judicial collaboration centre’ in the Uyghur homeland. This genetic data collection, and the racial profiling it enabled, was one of the first stages of the genocide currently being perpetrated against my people. The company has also collected the genetic codes of various groups in order to develop strategies to improve combat effectiveness of Chinese troops at high altitudes.

Alarmingly, BGI’s reach extends to our country. Beijing to Britain, an intelligence briefing focusing on China, has described BGI as “a company that has links to British universities, companies and institutions on a scale that would make Huawei blush,” after the Chinese telecoms giant was banned from providing services to Britain’s 5G network. This follows the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) in the United States finding that BGI serves as a “global collection mechanism for Chinese government genetic databases”. 

As recently as last year, BGI Group was awarded a contract by the UK Health Security Agency for testing PCR Pillar 2 COVID-19 samples and is part of the National Microbiology Framework. It also distributes a prenatal test (the ‘Nifty’ test) that collects genetic data from women. Outside of the UK healthcare system, BGI has enjoyed extensive contracts with the university sector and The Wellcome Trust. Doing business with BGI means we are turning our back on human rights and on protecting British people’s most sensitive, private data. While the government was right to ban both Huawei and Hikvision, there are glaring inconsistencies in the UK‘s approach to Chinese firms. 

Our government has been cagey about its own relationship with BGI. In response to a parliamentary question, the government denied that it had any contracts with BGI. This was subject to a belated ministerial correction, accepting that BGI did in fact have a contract with Public Health England. Alarmingly, the government has been unwilling to answer a second parliamentary question about whether a national security assessment was carried out before BGI was contracted to provide genomic sequencing.  

We are calling on the government to create a version of the United States’ “entities list” that can ensure Chinese companies profiting off the back of egregious human rights abuses, and potentially exposing the UK to national security risks, are identified and sanctioned accordingly. Such an entities list would help remove access to public funding, halt partnerships with UK universities and protect the data, including genetic data, of British citizens. 

More needs to be done to ensure a comprehensive defence against Chinese firms that are complicit in the state’s crimes, and the UK needs to end its own naivete about the threats we are facing in this country. An entities list would be an important step forward.

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CICV calls for delay to phase-out of CE mark

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Construction Industry Collective Voice (CICV) is calling on the Scottish government to intervene on the timing of the replacement for CE marking on products, citing a lack of testing capacity.

Read Full Article: The Construction Index

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